How man first learned to invent words is unknown.In other words,the origin of language is
a mystery.All we really know is that nen unlike animnals.somehow invented certain sounds to expresthoughts and feelings.actions and things.so that they could communicate with each other;and that later they agree upon certain signs,called letters,which could be combined to represent
those sounds,and which could be writen down.Those sounds,whether spoken or written in letters,we call words.
The power of words,then.ies in their associations--the things they bring up before our minds.Words become filed with meaning for us by experience;and the longer we live,the more certain word recal to us the glad and sad events of our past;and the more we read and learn,the more the nmber ofwords that mean something to us increases.
1.Howlanguage began is
A.a legend handed down from the past
B.a matter that is hidden and secret
C.a question difficult to answer
D.a problem not yet solved
2.Why men invented certain sounds to express thoughts and actions was that
A.they could agree upon certain things
B.they could communicate with each other
C.they could write them down
D.they could combine them
3.The meaning of words comes from their
A.letters B.differences C.sounds D.associations
4.By"association",the author means
A.a joining of ideas in the mind C.a special quality
B.a strange feature D.an appearance which is puzzling
5.Which of the following statements is true?
A.The more we read and learn,the more ignorant we are.
B.The more we read and learn,the more sensitive we become.
C.The more we read and learn,the more learned we are.
D.The more we read and learn,the more confused we will be.
After a busy day of work and play,the body needs to rest.Sleep is necessary for good health.
During this time,the body recovers from the activities ofthe previous day.The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day.
There are four levels of sleep,each being a little deeper than the one before.As you sleep,
your muscles relax little by little.Your heart beats more slowly,and your brain slows down.After
you reach the fourth level,your body shifts back and forth from one level of sleep to the other.
Although your mind slows down,from time to time you will dream.Scientists who study
sleep state that when dreaming occurs.your eyeballs begin to move more quickly(although your evelids are closed).This stage of sleep is called REM.which stands for rapid eye movement.
If you have trouble falling asleep,some people recommend breathing very slowly and very deeply.Other people believe that drinking warm milk wll help make you drowsy.There is also an old suggestion that counting sheep will put you to sleepl
6.A good title for this passage is
A.Sleep B.Good Health C.Dreams D.Work and Rest
7.The word"drowsy"in the last paragraph means
B.sick B.standup C.asleep D.a littlesleepy
8.This pasage suggests thatno getig enough sleep might make you A.dream more often C.nervous
B.have poor health D.breathe quickly
A.your eyes move quickly C.you are restless
B.you dream D.bothAand B
10.The ayerage number of hours of sleep that an adult needs is
A.approximately six hours C.about eight hours
B.around ten hours D.not stated here
The White House is the home ofthe President ofthe United States and his family.It wasn't
called the White House until Teddy Roosevelt named it in I901.
James Hoban designed the White House in 1792.He was awarded the job because he had
won a contest sponsored by the government.His design had been selected as the best.
President John Adams was the first to live in the White House.When he and his wife,Aligail moved in,it was a
huge mansion in the middle of a swamp.Many of the rooms were unfinished.Aligail used the
famous East Room as a drying room for laundry.More rooms were decorated every year.Rare
shrubs and trees were planted on the grounds.
Yet all this work was for nothing.In the War of 1812.the British burned the mansion to the ground.The White House was rebuilt in 1817.The beauty of its decorations and furnishings has been growing ever since.
11.Which of the following would be the best titl for the passage?
A.President John Adams and the White House
B.White House Today
C.A House Full of History
D.White House Before 1812
12.The White House was sponsored by the government.This means that the
A.received the prize C.did the designing
B.held the contest D.was against having a contest
13.James Hoban won the job of building the White House because
A.his plan of the house seemed better than the others'
B.he was the best-known architect of the time
C.he organized the contest
D.he applied for the job to the government
14.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A.The present building of the White House has been standing for almost two centuries.
B.It was James Hoban who first got the idea of building the White House.
C.The number of the rooms in the White House has been growing ewer since it was built.
D.The White House got its name at the turn ofthe century
15.We can infer from the passage that the White House was firs built
A.on a low and damp site C.on a small island
B.among trees and flowers D.on a small hill Passage Four
A lawyer friend of mine has devoted herself to the service of humanity.Her special area is
called"public interest law.
Many other lawyers represent only clients who can pay high fees.All lawyers have had expensive and highly specialized trairing,and they work long,diffcult hours for the money they earn.But what happens to people who need legal help and cannot afford to pay these lawyers'
Public interes lawyers filltis need.Patricia,like other public interest lawyers,earns a salary much below what some lawyers can earn.Because she is willing to take less money,her clients have the help they need,even if they can pay nothing at all.
Some clients need legal help because stores have cheated them with faulty merchandise.Others are in unsafe apartments.or are threatened with eviction驱逐and have no place to go.
Their cases are all called"civil"cases.Still others are accused of criminal acts,and seek those public interest lawyers who handle"criminal"cases.These are just many situations in which the men and women who are public interest lawyers serve to extendjustice throughout our society.
16.A person who needs and uses legal help is called a
A.lawyer B.client C.citizen D.judge
17.Public interest lawyer serve_
A.the public only B.only stores and houses
C.people who can pay higt fees D.people who can pay little or nothing 18.If only the rich could be helped by lawyers,the justice system would be
A.nothing but cheating B.modern C.fair and reasonable D.in need of on changes 19.Public interest law includes
A.civil cases only B.criminal cases only
C.criminal and civil cases D.rich client's cases
20.Which of the following is NOT a matter for a civil case?
A.A tenant客房)is turned out from a house.
B.A landlord refuses to fix a dangerous house.
C.A thief is caught by the policemen.
D.A s t o r e s e l l s a r a d i o w h i c h d o e s n't w o r k.
I.Directions:there are 40 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.choose the answer that best completes the sentence.(1*40=40points
you keep on practicing,you wil certainly play it well.
A.Whereas B.Although C.As long as D.For
2.Alex was such a good guy that he was left.
A.do it C.in charge of the matter
B.to finishing the matter D.taking care the matter
3._the change in the interest rate,dollars will be faced with an exceptionally diffieult situation.
A.Seeing from B.Judging C.JudgedD.Judging from
4.John has three sisters.Mary is the of the three.
A.cleverest B.more clever C.most cleverest D.clever
5.Maria went to town yesterday and had her bike.there.
A.t o r e p a i r B.r e p a i r e d C.repairing D.repair
6.Did you go to Beijing last year?
A.I have never gone C.I didnhevergothere
B.I haven't go to Beijing D.'venever been to Bejing
7.Has anyone seen my dictionary g
A.everywhere B.somewhere C.nowhere D.anywhere
8.Two _ died of cold last winter.
A.hundreds old people C.hundreds old peoples
B.hundred old people D,hundred old peoples
9.Can you tell me_about the novel that makes people like reading itso much?A.it is what B whafis i C.what it is D.is it what
10.We don't understand why you object to_with us.
A.his comingB.that he comes C.him coming D.that he come 11.Twenty miles_a long way to cover.
A.have been B.i s C.a r e D.w e r e
12.Look at the terible situation I am in!ifonlyI.your advice.
A.follow B.had followedC.would follow D.have followed
13.AIlis a continuous supply of fuel.
A.what is needed C.that is needed
B.the thing needed D.for their needs
14.You never told us his phone number,?
A.hadn't youB.didn't youC.had you D.did you
15.We must begin testing the instrument,no matter diicult it is.
A.h o w B.w h a t C.w h e n D.w h e r e
"Y o u e a r l i e r.
A.must have comeC.can't have come
B.will have come D.should have come
17.I,who your best friend,will always stand with you.
A.iS B.am C.b e D.a r e
18.I'd rather you so much money with you.
A.didn't take B.don't takeC.not to take D.haven't taken
19.I will lend you my cassette recorder,_you want it.
A.every timeB.the moment C.until D lest
2 0.T h e a n s w e r i s i n c o r r e c t.
A.giving to that question C.given to that question
B.give to that question D.gave to that question
21._into his office and steal his books,but also tore up his manuscript.
A Not only they brokeC.Not only did they break
B.They not only brokeD.They not only did break
22.There are several characteristics of the ook___special attention.
A.worthyB.worthy oft.worth of D.worthless
23.The reason for my refusal is____you are undependable.
A.b e c a u s e B.t h a t C.d u e t o D.f o r
24.The professor__yesterday is not here today.
A.whom you spoke C.you spoke
B.that you spokeD.to whom you spoke
25.He asked him to take a map with him,lest he himselfin the forest.A.should loseB.would lose C.lost D.loses
26.Bob thought he had al te right_fo the ob,so he went bravely to the manager.
A.qualificationsB certificate C diploma D.degree
27.A confict was_because they have never ben able to get along with each other.A.possible B.probableC.essential D.inevitable
28.In those days I__ake a short walk before breakfast.
A.used toB.was acustomed to C.was used toD was familia to 29.In the summer many hotels on the coast_extra staff.
A.take up B take to C.talke onD.take out
30.We are moving to a more_neighborhood.
A.desirous B desirable C.delighted D.interested
31.We wanted to have the meeting today,but it has been until next Friday.Aransmitted B.postponed C.omittedD.canceled
32.Poushould have been more patient_ _that customer;I am sure that selling watch was
A.o f B.with C.for D.a t
33.I hope my teacher wil ake my recent lnessinto when judging my examination.
34.He didn't go into detail on the subject;he spoke in _ terms.A.common B.regular C.general D.ordinary.
35.A__discussion about whether men are braver than women is settled in a rather unexpected way.
A.heated B.hot C.burnt D.heating
36.Let's work hard to find.to the problem.
A.an answer B.a way C.a methodD.a solution
37.The real trouble their lack of confidence in their abilities.A.lies in B.lies on C.lies about D.lies off
38.There is aof a thousand pounds offered for the capture of the murderer.A.rewardB.prize C.awardD.credit
39.The football match was televised__from the stadium.A.alive B.live C.living D.lively
4.Generly seaking.all kinds of materials wil expand when heated but will
IⅢ.Directions:there are 20 blanks in the following passage.For each bauk there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.You should choose the one that best fits
into the passage.(1*20=20 points)
The Red Cross is _ 1__ organization which cares for people who are i2bf help.A man in a Paris hospital who needs blood,a woman in Mexico who was injured 3 an earthquake,and a family in India__4_lost their home in a storm may all__5_ by thos Red Goss.
The Red Cross exists in almost every country 6_ the world.TheWorld Red Cross Organizations are sometimes are sometimes called the Red Crescent新月)the Red Moge David,the Sun and the Red Lion.All of these agencies _7_a common goal of trying_ 8people in need.The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and 9_during a wstanted _ 10Jean Henry Dunant.In 1859,he observed __ 11_ suffering __ 12_ a battlefield in utly.le wanted to help all the wounded people
13_ of which side they were _ 14.The moat important result of his work was an international treaty15 the Geneva Convention日内i公约).It _ 16 prisoners of war the sick and wounded,and _ 17_citizens during a war.
The American Red Cross__ 18_6yClaaBarton in 1881.Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of__ 19far thpublic.Such as helping people in need,teaching first aid,_20 water safety and artificial fespintion,and providing blood.
1 A.internationaly Ban ihternational C.a worldly D.a world's
2 A.lack B.supply,C.neessity D.need
3 A.in Bat rby on
4 A.where.ynat C.when D.whom 5A.eraidingB.be aided C.aid D.aided 6A.Cound B.on C.within D.of
Aelang to B.owe C.win D.share
8 A.with helping B.and help C.to help D.for helping 9A.wounding B.having wounded C.wounded D.being wounded
10 A.from B.with C.by D.at
1l A.how were people B.how people were C.people were how D.people how were
12 A.from B.on C.by D.with
13 A.regardless B.in favor C.despite D.on account
14 A.fought for B.fighting for C.fought D.fighting
15 A.to call B.calling C.call D.called
16 A.prohibits B.protests C.protects D.provides
17 A.other B.others C.another D.the other
18 A.was setting up B.has been set up C.was set up D.had been set up
19 A.services B.helpings C.facilities D.money
20 A.to demonstrate B.demonstrating C.demonstration D.demonstrates
IV.Diretions:In this part,there are ten sentences which you should translate from English into Chinese or from Chinese into English.(3*10-30 points)Part A:Translate the following sentences into Chinese,These sentences are all taken from
the reading passages in Part I.You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their
meaning in the context.
1.All we really know is that men,unlike animals,somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings,actions and things,so that they could communicate with each
o t h e r.
2.The power ofwords,then lies in their associations-—the things they bring up before ur m i n d s.
3.Scientists who study sleep state that when dreaming occurs,your eyeballs begin to move more quickly(although your eyelids are closed).
4.Yet,all tis work was for nothing.In the War of 1812,the British buned the mansion to the ground.The White House was rebuit n 1817.The beauty ofits deeorations and furmnishing has been growing ever since.
5.Some clients need legal help because stores have cheated them with faulty merchandise.Othersare inunsafeapartments,orare threatenedwithevictionandhavenoplaceto go.
Part B;Translate the following sentences into English.
V.Directions:For this part you are required to write a composition on the topic
“A Letter to a Friend".You should write 100-120 words,and your composition
should be based on the description given in the Chinese.(20 points)